Subaru is a popular Japanese automobile brand that has been around for decades, and its vehicles are known for their reliability, versatility, and capability. One of the most crucial components of any car is its transmission, which is responsible for transferring power from the engine to the wheels. In this article, we will explore the different types of transmissions used in Subaru cars and their features to provide you with comprehensive information.
- Subaru cars use either a continuously variable transmission (CVT) or a manual transmission.
- CVTs offer smoother acceleration and improved fuel efficiency, while manuals provide more control and engagement for driving enthusiasts.
- Subaru Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive is available on all models and enhances the car’s stability and handling in various road conditions.
Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT)
Most Subaru cars nowadays use a type of transmission called a continuously variable transmission or CVT. It is a type of automatic transmission that uses a belt and pulley system to provide an infinite number of gear ratios between the lowest and highest gear. Unlike traditional automatic transmissions, which have a fixed number of gears, CVTs offer smoother acceleration and better fuel efficiency.
Subaru’s CVT is a Lineartronic® continuously variable transmission, which is designed to provide a balance of performance and efficiency. It features a chain and push belt system that allows the car to remain in its optimal power range, providing responsive acceleration and smooth shifting. The Lineartronic® CVT also has a manual mode, where the driver can shift gears manually using paddle shifters mounted on the steering wheel.
For driving enthusiasts who prefer more control and engagement, Subaru still offers a manual transmission on some of its models. A manual transmission, also called a stick shift, is a type of transmission that requires the driver to manually shift gears using a clutch pedal and gear shifter. Unlike automatic transmissions, which shift gears automatically, manuals require the driver to actively engage in the driving experience.
Subaru’s manual transmission is a 6-speed manual gearbox that is available on the WRX and WRX STI models. It features a short-throw shifter that provides a precise and responsive shift feel. The WRX and WRX STI also come with Subaru’s Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive system, which distributes power evenly to all four wheels for improved traction and handling.
Subaru Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive
One of the unique features of Subaru cars is their Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive system, which is available on all models. It is a full-time all-wheel-drive system that distributes power evenly to all four wheels for maximum traction and stability in various road conditions. Unlike other all-wheel-drive systems that use a front-wheel bias, Subaru’s Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive provides balanced power distribution that enhances the car’s handling and performance.
The Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive system uses a longitudinally mounted flat-four engine and a horizontally oriented transmission to provide a low center of gravity and balanced weight distribution. This design enhances the car’s stability and handling, especially during high-speed maneuvers and cornering. It also provides improved traction and control on slippery or uneven surfaces, making it ideal for off-road adventures.
In conclusion, Subaru cars use either a continuously variable transmission or a manual transmission, depending on the model and trim level. The CVT offers smoother acceleration and improved fuel efficiency, while the manual provides more control and engagement for driving enthusiasts. Both transmissions are mated to Subaru’s Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive system, which enhances the car’s stability and handling in various road conditions.
Subaru’s commitment to providing reliable and capable vehicles is evident in its transmission choices and Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive system. Whether you prefer the convenience and efficiency of an automatic or the engagement and control of a manual, Subaru has something for everyone.