If you are a Subaru enthusiast or a seasoned mechanic who is familiar with engine maintenance, you know the importance of taking care of your engine. Replacing the pistons is a critical part of engine maintenance, and when done correctly, it can increase your engine’s lifespan and overall performance. In this article, we will dive deep into the process of installing Subaru pistons, discussing the tools and techniques that you need to master.
Before You Get Started
Before installing new pistons, you should ensure that the engine block is cleaned and ready. You should also inspect the cylinder walls for scratches, wear and tear, or any other damage. Additionally, make sure that the new pistons you are using are the correct size and type for your engine.
Once you have confirmed that everything is in order, you are ready to move onto the next step.
Removing the Old Pistons and Rings
The first step in installing new pistons is to remove the old ones. To do this, you will need to:
- Disconnect the engine from power sources and remove all the spark plugs.
- Remove the oil pan and the cylinder head.
- Remove the connecting rod caps and push the pistons out of the cylinder bore.
Once the pistons are out, clean the piston ring grooves and the cylinder bore. Check the cylinder bore for taper and out-of-round conditions. If any issues exist, the engine block must be machined accordingly.
To measure clearances, you will need to measure the diameter of the new pistons and the cylinder bore. You should also measure the piston ring end gap and the ring-to-groove clearance. These measurements will ensure that the new pistons fit correctly and have the right clearance for proper engine operation.
Installing New Pistons and Rings
Next, you are ready to install your new pistons and rings. Follow these steps to ensure that the installation process is smooth and successful:
- Install the new rings on each piston to their corresponding grooves. Do not forget to check the ring end-gap and the ring-to-groove clearance before installation.
- Apply engine oil or assembly lubricant to the cylinder bore and piston skirts.
- Install the connecting rod and bearing on each piston and torque the nuts to the recommended specifications.
- Insert the pistons and connecting rods into the cylinder bore, making sure to install them in the correct order.
- Use a ring compressor to compress the rings as you install the pistons into the cylinder bore.
- Install the bearing caps and torque them to the recommended specifications.
Common Mistakes to Avoid
- Not cleaning the engine block before installing new pistons
- Forgetting to measure clearances before installing new pistons
- Not installing the piston rings correctly (including end gap and clearance)
- Not lubricating the cylinder bore and piston skirts before installation
- Installing pistons in the wrong order or incorrectly
Working on engines can be dangerous if proper precautions are not taken. Always make sure that you:
- Wear personal protective equipment, such as gloves and safety glasses.
- Use a cherry picker to prevent possible injuries while lifting and moving the engine.
- Discard any damaged parts and replace them with new ones to prevent any accidents on the road.
Installing new pistons in a Subaru engine is a critical part of engine maintenance. As we said before, when done correctly, it can help extend your engine’s lifespan and improve its overall performance. Remember to follow the steps carefully, take proper precautions, and avoid common mistakes to ensure a successful outcome.
Now it’s your turn! Get ready to tackle the job and take your engine to the next level.